Washington prepares to ban imports of most Xinjiang-related products || Laws of USA

Washington prepares to ban imports of most Xinjiang-related products:

U.S. President Joe Biden signed the bill into law in December, and it is set to take effect on June 21.

China's foreign ministry reacted angrily on Thursday (June 2) to the Biden administration's announcement that the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA) will be enforced later this month. The new law bars U.S. imports of products that use forced labor in China's Xinjiang region.

U.S. President Joe Biden signed the bill into law in December, and it is set to take effect on June 21. Under the law, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CPB) will treat any goods produced in whole or in part in Xinjiang as products of forced labor unless the importer can produce "

The bill passed with broad bipartisan support, with lawmakers from both parties condemning the Chinese government's treatment of the Uighur Muslim minority. The United States, Canada, Britain, the Netherlands, and a range of human rights groups have accused China of genocide and crimes against humanity against Uighurs. 

File photo: A worker at Aksu Huafu Fashion in Xinjiang packs a wad of cotton yarn during a government-organized tour of foreign journalists. (April 20, 2021)

The authorities' measures include mass detention and forced labor, large re-education camps known as "vocational skills education and training centers," forced sterilizations, blanket surveillance, and the separation of children from their families.

The Chinese government's response:

The Chinese government strongly denies these allegations. Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian repeated the denials on Thursday. He condemned the U.S. announcement that the Prevention of Forced Uyghur Labor Act would soon be enforced. He said: “We have kept the American claims more than once to find the existence of hard work ’in Xinjiang. 

The so-called "Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act" disregards the facts, maliciously slanders the human rights situation in China's Xinjiang, grossly interferes in China's internal affairs, and seriously violates international law and international relations It is a basic norm and violates market rules and business ethics, and China firmly opposes it."

Zhao Lijian warned that if the United States allows the law to take effect, there will be serious consequences. He said: “Assuming that the above law is implemented, it will really disrupt normal co-operation between Chinese and American organizations, undermine the security of the global production network, and ultimately harm the interests of the United States. 

We urge the United States not to implement this law and stop using Xinjiang-related issues. Disruption in Chinese internal affairs also includes changes in Chinese events. If the US insists on doing so, China will take effective measures to resolutely safeguard its own interests and dignity."

Possible retaliatory measures from Beijing The

Data picture: On December 8, 2021, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the "Prevention of Forced Uyghur Labor Law" with 428 votes in favor and 1 vote against. (Screenshot of the video of the conference)

Biden administration has shown no sign that it will consider not enforcing the bill. "The expectation is that we will be ready to implement the Uighur Act on June 21, and we have the resources," a CBP official said Wednesday during a video discussion about the new law. How to respond, but Marcus Noland, executive deputy director and director of research at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, said China is almost certain to respond in some way.

"The Chinese side is real," Nolan told VOA. “They resort to what you could call lawful means, they resort to legitimate means, and they likewise resort to unlawful means with an end goal to drive the economy or fight back, which is generally connected with non-financial issues.

He said: Beijing has used “anti-dumping” sanctions in the past to revenge for what it sees as a political humiliation. For example, China has imposed sanctions on Australian barley, beef, and wine, widely seen as retaliation for Canberra's demands to investigate the origins of COVID-19 in mainland China. Beijing restricted the import of Norwegian salmon after the Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo.

Nolan said the U.S. could see such retaliatory sanctions. But he said Beijing may have resorted to more sophisticated practices, such as requiring Chinese companies to break an embargo imposed on Moscow by the United States and its allies over Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

The U.S. business community is concerned about:

The looming passage into the power of the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act by the U.S. companies doing business in China, Doug Barry, vice president of the U.S.-China Business Council, said in an email exchange with VOA. concerned.

The law establishes a concept known as a "rebuttable presumption," which means that all goods produced in Xinjiang are presumed to contain forced labor unless evidence to the contrary is presented. 

This means that unless an importer can produce evidence to the satisfaction of U.S. Customs and Border Protection that the product was not manufactured using forced labor, the products will all be seized and confiscated and subject to fines and other penalties. Barry said: that this sets a "high bar" for importers to get through, and there are still questions about the rules importers have to follow.

The nuances of what should be shown and the manner by which have not been accounted for, leaving the U.S. companies concerned that shipments could be seized for unknown reasons," he said. "Organizations keep up with that they have found a way all sensible ways to guarantee that constrained work isn't engaged with their stockpile chains. 

The concern is that this law is so broad that it can apply to many product categories, regardless of proximity to Xinjiang," Barry said: of Washington, D.C. Both sides with Beijing have "escalated their rhetoric", adding to the uncertainty.

It calculates the ILO test: 

On Thursday, the United States, Canada, Britain, Australia, and the European Union contacted the International Labor Organization (ILO), the UN office, to submit a report on China's compliance with its international obligations under Beijing. confirmed.

These tribes cited the frequent exposure to Uyghur persecution in Xinjiang and the stories of hard work. "We are approaching the People's Republic of China to quickly end its major strategies and violations of minority laws," Sheba Crocker, the US Secretary of State in Geneva, explained. "

Crocker is approaching China to "Provide full and unrestricted access, including reasonable, unrestricted and unrestricted access to all key organizations, individuals and regions involved in the detention cycle."

The Chinese envoy to the United Nations in Geneva has denied the allegations, calling them "political tactics".

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